How to prevent fine lines and wrinkles
Fine lines and wrinkles usually make their first appearance around the eyes and mouth during our 30s. By the time we reach our 40s, most of us are pretty keen to slow these signs of ageing.
Here are ways to can help to treat and prevent fine lines and wrinkles
1. Sun exposure
Lots of us think we look healthier and slimmer with a tan, and it’s ironic that a bit of sun exposure dries up spots and blemishes so that your skin looks fresher, too. But unfortunately, even a modest amount of unprotected sun exposure adds up over the years. It causes damage that’s unseen at first but breaks down your skin’s collagen and elastin – the structural proteins that keep your skin firm and line-free.
2. Lack of protection
Never go out and about without sunscreen on, even in winter – ideally, you need an SPF of at least 30. In summer, if you must sunbathe, avoid doing it when the sun is at its strongest and make sure you reapply sun cream frequently.
The nicotine in cigarettes reduces the flow of blood to the skin. It narrows blood vessels so that your skin gets less oxygen and fewer of the nutrients it needs to stay dewy and smooth.
If you still smoke, even after all the warnings about the serious health risks, this is another good reason to quit for good.
4. Poor nutrition
Like the rest of your body, your skin needs protein, vitamins, minerals and a host of micronutrients to keep it looking its best. Eat irregular meals and processed foods and the evidence will show in your skin.
Instead, eat lots of fresh vegetables and fruit – raw or lightly cooked – and lean protein such as fish and chicken. Change your white bread for wholemeal and swap white rice and pasta for brown. Most of all, avoid processed sugars in all forms because they cause inflammation and are another major cause of collagen damage.
The outer layers of exposed skin can dry out really easily in heated or air-conditioned rooms, and in the cold dry winter air. Medications, illness and smoking can also play a part.
Dehydrated skin looks dull and shows fine lines and wrinkles up more clearly, so drink lots of water to plump up the outer skin layers, eat plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables, and avoid caffeine and alcohol.
In fact, any facial expression that you do habitually will encourage the development of fine lines and wrinkles. So get happy!
7. Lack of sleep
Lots of people don’t get enough good quality sleep, but our skin needs it to repair and regenerate. Take a look at what’s stopping you from sleeping well and take action – go to bed earlier, avoid alcohol and caffeine, whatever it takes.
Female skin tends to be thinner and to have fewer oil-producing glands than male skin, so it is more prone to lines and wrinkles, especially as menopause approaches. There isn’t much that you can do to change this – or the next one, which is:
Whatever your gender, gravity takes a toll on your skin over time. We are all stuck with our age and gender but, by addressing the last cause on my list, there’s a lot that we can do to help ourselves look better:
10. Ineffective skincare
A skincare regime that worked pretty well in your 20s and 30s probably won’t cut it in your 40s and beyond. You need quality products that will cleanse and exfoliate gently, plus moisturisers and serums that nourish and soften. You could also look at some of the new professional skin treatments that can help to resurface and tighten skin.
If you’re worried about ageing and wrinkles, try some of the self-help tips I’ve mentioned here. And if you’d like advice on effective skincare products and treatments to help turn back the clock, give me a call or book your free consultation so we can devise a personalised skin care and treatment plan.